Minggu, 16 Maret 2014


Conditional Sentences / If-Clauses Type I, II und III

Conditional Sentences are also known as Conditional Clauses or If Clauses. They are used to express that the action in the main clause (without if) can only take place if a certain condition (in the clause with if) is fulfilled. There are three types of Conditional Sentences. Conditional sentences are statements discussing known factors or hypothetical situations and their consequences. These sentences use conditional construction and verb forms, which is called the conditional mood. Complete conditional sentences contain a conditional clause and the consequence. As a refresher, a clause is a group of words with their own subject and verb. Consider the following sentence:
The tricky part about constructing a conditional sentence is it involves many factors both in its form and meaning. Since there are various factors involved when writing conditional sentences, the rules can be explained in different ways. The properties of the entire conditional sentences are determined by the condition’s tense and degree of realness.

Conditional Sentence Type 1
→ It is possible and also very likely that the condition will be fulfilled.

Example: 1. If I find her address, I’ll send her an invitation.
               2. If Caroline and Sue prepare the salad, Phil will decorate the house.
               3. Jane will hoover the sitting room if Aaron and Tim move the furniture.
               4. If Bob tidies up the kitchen, Anita will clean the toilet.
               5. Elaine will buy the drinks if somebody helps her carry the bottles.
   6. If Alan and Rebecca organise the food, Mary and Conor will make the           
               7. Frank will play the DJ if the others bring along their CDs.
               8. If Alan will mix the drinks if Jane gives him some of her cocktail recipes.  
       they all do their best, the party will be great.
               9. If Willy looks after the barbecue, Bella will let the guests in
              10. If Sherly cuts the onions for the salad, Caroline will peel the mushrooms.

Conditional Sentence Type 2

→ It is possible but very unlikely, that the condition will be fulfilled.
Form: if + Simple Past, Conditional I (= would + Infinitive)

Example: 1.If I found her address, I would send her an invitation.
               2. If I played the lottery, I would have a chance to hit the jackpot.
               3. If I hit the jackpot, I would be rich.
               4. If I were rich, my life would change completely.
               5. I would buy a lonely island, if I found a nice one.
               6. If I owned a lonely island, I would build a huge house by the beach.
               7. I would invite all my friends if I had a house by the beach.
               8. If we liked to go shopping in a big city, we would charter a helicopter.
               9. But if my friends' holidays were over, I would feel very lonely on my lonely
              10. We would have great parties if my friends came to my island.

Conditional Sentence Type 3

→ It is impossible that the condition will be fulfilled because it refers to the past.
Form: if + Past Perfect, Conditional II (= would + have + Past Participle)

Example: 1.If I had found her address, I would have sent her an invitation.
                2. If the forwards had run faster, they would have scored more goals.
                3. Their motivation would have improved if they had kicked a goal during the
         first half.
                4. If the goalie had jumped up, he would have caught the ball.
5. If the referee had seen the foul, he would have awarded a penalty kick to our             

                6. Our team would have been in better form if they had trained harder the
          weeks before.
                7. If it had been a home game, our team would have won the match.
                8. If our team had won the match, they would have moved up in the league.
                9. If the midfielders had passed the ball more exactly, our team would have had
        more chances to attack.
               10. The fullbacks would have prevented one or the other goal if they had
         marked their opponents.
Sometimes Conditional Sentences Type I, II and III can also be used with other tenses.


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